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Publications

I am the co-editor of one book and have published over 60 articles and peer-reviewed book chapters. Much of this work has been on systematic conservation planning and designing protected area networks but I have also published seminal work on conservation and corruption, conservation marketing and conservation capacity building. For more details on my work please visit my Google Scholar page

Edited book

amazon_icon Leader-Williams, N, Adams, WM and Smith, RJ (2010). Trade-offs in conservation: deciding what to save. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Journal articles

Arroyo-Quiroz, I, Villamar, AA, Smith, RJ, Barrios, RG and Pérez-Gil Salcido, R (2017). Local perspectives on conflicts with wildlife and their management in the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve, Mexico. Journal of Ethnobiology, in press.
Katsanevakis, S Mackelworth, P, Coll, M, Fraschetti, S, Mai, V, Giakoumi, S, Jones, P, Levin, N, Albano, P, Badalamenti, F, Brennan, R, Claudet, J, Culibrk, D, D’Anna, G, Deidun, A, Evagelopoulos, A, García-Charton, J, Goldsborough, D, Holcer, D, Jimenez, C, Kark, S, Srensen, T, Lazar, B, Martin, G, Mazaris, A, Micheli, F, Milner-Gulland, E, Pipitone, C, Portman, M, Pranovi, F, Rilov, G, Smith, RJ, Stelzenmüller, V, Vogiatzakis, I, and Winters, G, (2017). Advancing marine conservation in European and contiguous seas with the MarCons Action. Research Ideas and Outcomes, e11884.
McIntosh, E,Grenyer, R, Pressey, RL, Lloyd, S and Smith, RJ (2017). The impact of systematic conservation planning. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, in press.
Veríssimo, D, Vaughan, G, Ridout, M, Waterman, C, MacMillan, D and Smith, RJ (2017). Increased conservation marketing effort has major fundraising benefits for even the least popular species. Biological Conservation, in press.
 PDF icon Brink, H, Smith, RJ, Skinner, K and Leader-Williams, N (2016). Sustainability and long term-tenure: lion trophy hunting in Tanzania. PLOS ONE11, e0162610.
 PDF icon Di Marco, M, Brooks, T, Cuttelod, A, Fishpool, LDC, Rondinini, C, Smith, RJ, Bennun, L, Butchart, SHM, Ferrier, S, Foppen, RPB, Joppa, L, Juffe-Bignoli, D, Knight, AT, Lamoreux, JF, Langhammer, PF, May, I, Possingham, HP, Visconti, P, Watson, JEM and Woodley, S (2016). Quantifying the relative irreplaceability of important bird and biodiversity areas. Conservation Biology, 30, 392–402.
 PDF icon Baker, DJ, Hartley, AJ, Burgess, ND, Butchart, SHM, Carr, JA, Smith, RJ, Belle, E and Willis, SG (2015). Assessing climate change impacts for vertebrate fauna across the West African protected area network using regionally appropriate climate projections. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 991–1003.
PDF icon Butchart, SHM,  Clarke, M, Smith, RJ, Sykes, RE, Scharlemann, JPW, Harfoot, M, Buchanan, GM, Angulo, A, Balmford, A, Bertzky, B, Brooks, TM, Carpenter, KE, Comeros-Raynal, MT, Cornell, J, Ficetola, GF, Fishpool, LDC, Fuller, RA, Geldmann, J, Harwell, H, Hilton-Taylor, C, Hoffmann, M, Joolia, A, Joppa, L, Kingston, N, May, I, Milam, A, Polidoro, B, Ralph, G, Richman, N, Rondinini, C, Segan, D, Skolnik, B, Spalding, M, Stuart, SN, Symes, A, Taylor, J, Visconti, P, Watson, J, Wood, L and Burgess, ND (2015). Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets. Conservation Letters, 8, 329-337.
 PDF icon Gardner, CJ, Raxworthy, CJ, Metcalfe, K, Raselimanana, AP,  Smith, RJ and Davies, ZG (2015). Comparing methods for prioritising protected areas for investment: a case study using Madagascar’s Dry Forest reptiles. PLOS ONE, 10, e0132803.
 PDF icon Metcalfe, K, Vaughan, G, Vaz, S and Smith, RJ (2015). Spatial, socio-economic, and ecological implications of incorporating minimum size constraints in marine protected area network design. Conservation Biology, 29, 1615–1625.
PDF icon Metcalfe, K, Vaz, S, Engelhard, GH, Villanueva, M-C, Smith, RJ and Mackinson, S (2015). Evaluating conservation and fisheries management strategies by linking spatial prioritisation software and ecosystem and fisheries modelling tools. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 665–674.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Biggs, D, St John, FAV, ‘t Sas-Rolfes, M, and Barrington, R (2015). Elephant conservation and corruption beyond the ivory trade. Conservation Biology, 29, 953–956.
PDF icon Struebig, M, Wilting, A, Gaveau, D, Meijaard, E, Smith, RJ, The Borneo Mammal Distribution Consortium, Fischer, M, Metcalfe, K and Kramer-Schadt, S  (2015). Targeted conservation to safeguard a biodiversity hotspot from climate and land-cover change. Current Biology, 25, 372–378.
 PDF icon Visconti, P, Bakkenes , M, Smith, RJ, Joppa, L and Sykes, RE (2015). Socio-economic and ecological impacts of global protected area expansion plans. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences, 370, 20140284.
 PDF icon Willis, SG, Foden, W, Baker, DJ, Belle, E, Burgess, ND, Carr, JA, Doswald, N, Garcia, RA, Hartley, A, Hof, C, Newbold, T, Rahbek, C, Smith, RJ, Visconti, P, Young, B and Butchart, SHM (2015). Integrating climate change vulnerability assessments into systematic conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 190, 167-178.
PDF icon Humle, T, Duffy, R, Roberts, DL, Sandbrook, C, St John, FAV and Smith, RJ (2014). Biology’s drones: Undermined by fear. Science, 344, 1351.
PDF icon Venter O, Fuller RA, Segan DB, Carwardine J, Brooks T, Butchart, SHM, Di Marco, M, Iwamura, T, Joseph, L, O’Grady, D, Possingham, HP, Rondinini, C, Smith, RJ, Venter, M and Watson, JEM (2014) Targeting global protected area expansion for imperiled biodiversity. PLoS Biology, 12, e1001891.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, MacMillan, DC , Smith, RJ, Crees, J and Davies, ZG (2014). Has climate change taken prominence over biodiversity conservation? BioScience, 64625629.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, Fraser, I, Girão, W, Campos, AA, Smith, RJ and MacMillan, DC (2014). Evaluating conservation flagships and flagship fleets. Conservation Letters, 7, 263-270.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, Pongiluppi, T, Santos, MCM, Develey, PF, Fraser, I, Smith, RJ and MacMillan, DC (2014). Using a systematic approach to select flagship species for bird conservation. Conservation Biology, 28, 269-277.
PDF icon Brink, H, Smith, RJ and Skinner, K (2013). Methods for lion monitoring: a comparison from the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 51, 366–375.
PDF icon Di Minin, E, Hunter, LTB, Balme, GA, Smith, RJ, Goodman, PS and Slotow, R (2013). Creating larger and better connected protected areas enhances the persistence of big game species in the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Biodiversity Hotspot. PLoS ONE, 8, e71788.
PDF icon Metcalfe K, Delavenne J, Garcia C, Foveau A, Dauvin J-C, Coggan R, Vaz S, Harrop SR & Smith RJ (2013). Impacts of data quality on the setting of conservation planning targets using the species-area relationship. Diversity and Distributions, 19, 1-13.
PDF icon Metcalfe, K, Roberts, T, Smith, RJ and Harrop, SR (2013). Marine conservation science and governance in North–West Europe: Conservation planning and international law and policy. Marine Policy, 39, 289-295.
PDF icon McCreless, E, Visconti, P, Carwardine, J, Wilcox, C and Smith, RJ (2013). Cheap and nasty? The potential perils of using management costs to identify global conservation priorities. PLoS ONE, 8, e80893.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Roberts, DL, Duffy, R and St John, FAV (2013). Conservation news: New rhino conservation project in South Africa to understand landowner decision-making. Oryx, 47, 323.
PDF icon Delavenne, J, Metcalfe, K, Smith, RJ, Vaz, S, Martin, CS, Dupuis, L, Coppin, F and Carpentier, A (2012). Systematic conservation planning in the eastern English Channel: comparing the Marxan and Zonation decision support tools. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69, 75-83.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Veríssimo, D, Isaac, NJB and Jones, KE (2012). Identifying Cinderella species: uncovering mammals with conservation flagship appeal. Conservation Letters, 5, 205-212.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, Barua, M, Jepson, P, MacMillan, DC and Smith, RJ (2012). Selecting marine invertebrate flagship species: widening the net. Biological Conservation, 145, 4.
PDF icon Knight, AT, Grantham, H, Smith, RJ, McGregor, GK, Possingham, HP and Cowling, RM (2011). Land managers’ willingness to sell defines conservation opportunity for protected area expansion. Biological Conservation, 114, 2623-2630.
PDF icon Knight, AT, Sahotra, S, Smith, RJ, Strange, N and Wilson, KA (2011). Engage the hodge-podge: management factors are essential when prioritising areas for restoration and conservation action. Diversity & Distributions, 17, 1234–1238.
PDF icon Nhancale, BA and Smith, RJ (2011). The influence of planning unit characteristics on the efficiency and spatial pattern of systematic conservation planning assessments. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20, 1821-1835.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, MacMillan, DC & Smith, RJ (2011). Towards a systematic approach for identifying conservation flagships. Conservation Letters, 4, 1-8.
PDF icon Veríssimo, D, MacMillan, DC & Smith, RJ (2011). Marketing diversity: a response to Joseph and colleagues. Conservation Letters, 4, 326-327.
PDF icon Carwardine, J, Wilson, KA, Hajkowicz, SA, Smith, RJ, Klein, CJ, Watts, M and Possingham, HP (2010). Conservation planning when costs are uncertain. Conservation Biology, 24, 1529-1537.
PDF icon Linkie, M, Rood, E, and Smith, RJ (2010) Modelling the effectiveness of enforcement strategies for avoiding tropical deforestation in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 973-984.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Di Minin, E, Linke, S, Segan, D and Possingham, HP (2010). An approach for ensuring minimum protected area size in systematic conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 143, 2525-2531.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Monadjem, A, Magagula, CN, Mahlaba, TAM (2010). Conservation planning and viability: problems associated with identifying priority sites in Swaziland using species list data. African Journal of Ecology, 48, 709-717.
PDF icon Martin, CS, Carpentier, A, Vaz, S, Coppin, F, Curet, L, Dauvin, J-C, Delavenne, J Dewarumez, J-M, Dupuis, L, Engelhard, G, Ernande, B, Foveau, A, Garcia, C, Gardel, L, Harrop, S, Just, R, Koubbi, P, Lauria, V, Meaden, GJ, Morin, J, Ota, Y, Rostiaux, E, Smith, R, Spilmont, N, Vérin, Y, Villanueva, C and Warembourg, C (2009). The Channel habitat atlas for marine resource management (CHARM): an aid for planning and decision-making in an area under strong anthropogenic pressure. Aquatic Living Resources, 22, 499-508.
PDF icon Shannon, G, Matthews, WS, Page, BR, Parker, GE and Smith, RJ (2009). The affects of artificial water availability on large herbivore ranging patterns in savanna habitats: a new approach based on modelling elephant path distributions. Diversity and Distributions, 15, 776-783.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Eastwood, PD, Ota, Y and Rogers, SI (2009). Developing best practice for using Marxan to locate Marine Protected Areas in European waters. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66, 188-194.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Veríssimo, D, Leader-Williams, N, Cowling, RM, Knight, AT (2009). Let the locals lead. Nature, 462, 280-281.
PDF icon Linkie, M, Smith, RJ, Zhu, Y, Martyr, DJ, Suedmeyer, E, Pramono, J and Leader-Williams, N (2008). Evaluating biodiversity conservation around a large Sumatran protected area. Conservation Biology, 22, 683-690.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Easton, J, Nhancale, BA, Armstrong, AJ, Culverwell, J, Dlamini, S, Goodman, PS, Loffler, L, Matthews, WS, Monadjem, A, Mulqueeny, CM, Ngwenya, P, Ntumi, CP, Soto, B and Leader-Williams, N (2008). Designing a transfrontier conservation landscape for the Maputaland centre of endemism using biodiversity, economic and threat data. Biological Conservation, 141, 2127-2138.
PDF icon Ewers, RM and Smith, RJ (2007). Choice of index determines the relationship between corruption and environmental sustainability. Ecology and Society, 12, r2.
PDF icon Knight, AT, Smith, RJ, Cowling, RM, Desmet, PG, Faith, DP, Ferrier, S, Gelderblom, CM, Grantham, H, Lombard, AT, Maze, K, Nel, JL, Parrish, JD, Pence, GQK, Possingham, HP, Reyers, B, Rouget, M, Roux, D, and Wilson, KA (2007). Improving the Key Biodiversity Areas approach for effective conservation planning. BioScience, 57, 256-261.
Smith, RJ, Muir, RDJ, Walpole, MJ, Balmford, A and Leader-Williams, N (2007). Revisiting the links between governance and the loss of biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 21, 889-900.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Goodman, PS and Matthews, WS (2006). Systematic conservation planning: a review of perceived limitations and an illustration of the benefits using a case study from Maputaland, South Africa. Oryx, 40, 400-410.
PDF icon Smith, RJ and Walpole, MJ (2005). Should conservationists pay more attention to corruption? Oryx, 39, 251-256.
PDF icon Walpole, MJ and Smith, RJ (2005). Focusing on corruption:a reply to Ferraro and Katzner. Oryx, 39, 263-264.
PDF icon Linkie, M, Smith, RJ and Leader-Williams, N (2004). Mapping and predicting deforestation patterns in the lowlands of Sumatra. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 1809-1818.
PDF icon Oldfield, TEE, Smith, RJ, Harrop, SR, and Leader-Williams, N (2004). A gap analysis of terrestrial protected areas in England and its implications for conservation policy. Biological Conservation, 120, 307-313.
PDF icon Oldfield, TEE, Smith, RJ Harrop, SR and Leader-Williams, N (2003). Field sports and conservation in the United Kingdom. Nature, 423 531-533.
PDF icon Sitati, NW, Walpole, MJ, Smith, RJ and N. Leader-Williams (2003). Predicting the spatial pattern of human-elephant conflict outside protected areas in Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 667-677.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Muir, RDJ, Walpole, MJ, Balmford, A and Leader-Williams, N. (2003). Governance and the loss of biodiversity. Nature, 426, 67-70.
PDF icon Walpole, MJ, Smith, RJ, and Leader-Williams, N (2002). Species biology and conservation funding. Science, 298, 1716.
PDF icon Leader-Williams, N, Oldfield, TEE, Smith, RJ and Walpole, MJ (2002). Science, conservation and fox-hunting. Nature, 419, 878.
PDF icon Leader-Williams N, Smith, RJ, and Walpole, MJ (2001). Elephant hunting and conservation. Science, 293, 2203.

Book chapters

Reecht, Y, Gasche, L, Lehuta, S, Vaz, S, Smith, RJ, Mahévas, S and Marchal, P (2015). Toward a Dynamical Approach for Systematic Conservation Planning of Eastern English Channel Fisheries. In Marine Productivity: Perturbations and Resilience of Socio-ecosystems, H-J Ceccaldi, Y Hénocque, Y Koike, T Komatsu, G Stora and M-H Tusseau-Vuillemin (Eds), pp 175-185, Springer, Switzerland.
amazon_icon Smith, RJ (2011). Conducting systematic conservation planning in the terrestrial environment: a Maputaland case study. In Conservation Biogeography, RJ. Ladle and RJ Whittaker (Eds), pp 145-146, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
PDF icon Leader-Williams, N, Adams, WM and Smith, RJ (2010). Deciding what to save: trade-offs in conservation. In Trade-offs in Conservation: deciding what to save, N Leader-Williams, WM Adams, and RJ Smith (Eds), pp. 3-13. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
PDF icon Linkie, M and Smith, RJ (2010). Measuring the effectiveness of conservation spending. In: Conservation Biology For All, NS Sodhi, PR Ehrlich, (eds), pp 291-292, Oxford University Press.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Adams, WM and Leader-Williams, N (2010). Another entangled bank: making conservation trade-offs more explicit. In Trade-offs in Conservation: deciding what to save, N Leader-Williams, WM Adams, and RJ Smith (Eds), pp. 365-376. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
PDF icon Smith, RJ, Veríssimo, D and MacMillan, DC (2010). Marketing and conservation: how to lose friends and influence people. In Trade-offs in Conservation: deciding what to save, N Leader-Williams, WM Adams, and RJ Smith (Eds), pp. 215-232. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
PDF icon Leader-Williams, N, Baldus, RD and Smith, RJ (2009). The influence of corruption on the conduct of recreational hunting. In Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods: science and practice, B Dickson, JM Hutton and WM Adams (eds), pp. 296-316. Oxford: Blackwells.
amazon_icon Leader-Williams, N, Balmford, A, Linkie, M, Mace, GM, Smith, RJ, Stephenson, M, Walter, O, West, C, and Zimmerman, A (2007). Beyond the ark: conservation biologists’ views of the achievements of zoos in conservation. In Zoos in the 21st Century: catalysts for conservation?, edited by A Zimmerman, M Hatchwell, L Dickie and C West, 236-254. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Selected unpublished reports

PDF icon Juffe Bignoli, D, Deguignet, M, Park, S, Heo, HY, Kim, SG, Smith RJ, MacSharry, B and Kingston, N (2016). Protected Planet National Technical Series: Republic of Korea. UNEP-WCMC: Cambridge, UK.
PDF icon von Briskorn, C, Bicknell, J,van Teeffelen, A,Turbé, A, Smith, RJ and Davies, Z (2015). Restoration efforts required for achieving the objectives of the Birds and Habitats Directives – Final report. BIO by Deloitte, Paris, France.
PDF icon Smith, RJ (2014). Systematic Conservation Planning. In Incorporating and utilising spatial data and mapping for NBSAPs: Guidance to support NBSAP Practitioners. Main authors: NJ Bowles-Newark, AP Arnell, S Butchart, A Chenery, C Brown and ND Burgess, pp 69-72. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.
PDF icon Zingstra H.L, J Seffer, R. Lasak, A. Guttova, M Baltzer, IBouwma, LJ. Walters, B Smith, K Kitnaes, GE Predoiu, B Prots and G Sekulic (2009). Towards an Ecological Network for the Carpathians, Wageningen International, Netherlands.
PDF icon Nel, JL, Smith-Adao, L, Roux, DJ, De Moor, F, Cambray, J, Maree, G, Adams, J, Smith, RJ, Kleynhans, CJ, Moolman, J, Thirion, C (2006). Conservation planning for river and estuarine biodiversity in the Fish-to-Tsitsikamma Water Management Area. Water Research Commission Report K5/1486, Water Research Commission, Pretoria, South Africa.
PDF icon Smith, RJ & Leader-Williams, N (2006). The Maputaland Conservation Planning System and Conservation Assessment. Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, Canterbury, UK.
PDF icon Tordoff A, R Timmins, R Smith, Mai Ky Vinh (2003). A biological assessment of the Central Truong Son Landscape. Central Truong Son Landscape Initiative Report No. 1. WWF Indochina, Hanoi, Vietnam
PDF icon Smith, RJ, (2001). Designing an integrated protected area network for Maputaland, South Africa. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Kent, UK.
PDF icon Smith, RJ and Kasiki, SM (1999) A spatial analysis of human-elephant conflict in the Tsavo ecosystem, Kenya. Human Elephant Conflict Taskforce, IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.

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